Importance of Water Sanitation and Cleanliness – Water is the most important substance in life after air. About three quarters of our body consists of water and no one can survive more than 4-5 days without drinking water.
Sanitation and Cleanliness apart from that, water is also used for cooking, washing, bathing, and cleaning dirt around the house. Water is also used for industrial, agricultural, fire fighting, recreation, transportation, and so on. Diseases affecting humans can also be transmitted and spread through water.
Nearly 25 million people in Indonesia do not use a toilet. They defecate in fields, shrubs, forests, ditches, roads, rivers or other open spaces. Open defecation is not only degrading to human dignity, but also poses great risks to the health of children and society.
Open defecation and untreated wastewater can contaminate water supplies and promote the spread of diarrheal diseases such as cholera. A quarter of all children under 5 years of age in Indonesia suffer from diarrhea, which is the leading cause of child mortality in the country.
Poor water quality is inseparable from socio-economic conditions. A 2017 drinking water survey in Yogyakarta, a prosperous urban center in Java, found that 89 percent of water sources and 67 percent of household drinking water were contaminated with faecal bacteria.
How The Importance of Water Sanitation and Cleanliness?
The old design flush toilet required 19 liters of water and could take up to 40% of household water use. With a total usage of 190 liters of water per head per day, replacing this toilet with a new unit that uses only 0.7 liters per flush can save 25% of household water usage without sacrificing comfort and health.
In contrast, installing a flushing unit that uses 19 liters of water in a house without a toilet can increase water usage by up to 70%. Obviously, this is not desirable in areas where there is insufficient water supply, and it can also increase the amount of waste that must eventually be disposed of properly.
Building latrines, and managing faeces safely – as well as washing hands – are key to keeping children and families healthy. In this mechanism, pathogenic germs in water that can cause disease in humans are transmitted to humans through the mouth or digestive system.
In order to realize the comprehensive health, social and economic benefits, additional waste management techniques must be considered, providing sustainable management of wastewater and sludge in addition to wastewater treatment. This does not necessarily involve large-scale infrastructure investment. Small decentralized systems can be even more effective. See other interesting articles here.
However, Sanitation and Cleanliness poorest people still lag behind with significant gaps in access to sanitation especially among households at the two lowest levels of society – 40 and 65 percent in urban areas and 36 and 65 percent in rural areas.
Therefore, achieving SDG 6 requires a closer strategy to reach Indonesia’s poorest children and families by providing easier access to safely managed water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). That’s just some information about the benefits you can get through Importance of Water Sanitation and Cleanliness thank you.